Our aim in this study was to survey the communities of bacteria found in the cloacae of adult and nestling Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), determine if there were familial patterns of prevalence, and determine if there were relationships between bacteria loads and nestling size when 12 days old and fledging success.


bacteria, cloacal bacteria, diseases, Tachycineta bicolor, Tree Swallow, birds, aves


Animal Diseases | Biology | Pathogenic Microbiology | Poultry or Avian Science | Zoology