Faculty Scholarly Dissemination Grants

Title

The Effect of Colorful and Familiar Cues on Wayfinding in Older Adults

Department

Nursing

College

Kirkhof College of Nursing

Date Range

2010-2011

Disciplines

Nursing

Abstract

Older adults often have problems finding their way (place learning) in unfamiliar environments. We examined the contributions of specific properties of cues (landmarks): color, familiarly, and the number of cues - in place learning in community dwelling older adults. Using a virtual reality program that measures place learning performance, 133 subjects in 3 age groups (55-64, 65-74, and > 75) were asked to find a hidden target. The test required the subjects to learn and remember the location of the hidden platform only using the cues. Subjects were tested in four cue conditions repeatedly over three days. Each cue condition varied with respect to the color and familiarity of the cues. Place learning performance included latency (time it took to find the target) and distance traveled to the target. Other measures were included in the analysis, including age group, cognitive ability, and computer experience. Subjects found the hidden target the fastest (F(3,2922)=13.16, p

Conference Name

Gerontological Society of America

Conference Location

New Orleans, Louisiana



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