Faculty Scholarly Dissemination Grants

Title

Neolithization processes in southeast Europe from the standpoint of archeogenetics

Department

Biology Department

College

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Abstract

The arrival of the Neolithic to the western part of the forest-steppe zone in modern-day Ukraine was a result of economic, cultural and demographic influences from the west as well as from the east. The material culture as well as maternal genetic lineages of a regional group in the Podillyan Upland belonging to the Trypillian cultural complex (TCC) bear the influence of the Neolithic central European and Balkan agrarians. At the same time, the frequency of one particular maternal genetic lineage shows up in TCC at higher frequency than in central European and Balkan farmers. Its frequency in TCC is comparable with that of Neolithic hunter-gatherers of the eastern part of the North Pontic region (NPR), who harbored no typical farming genetic markers, but displayed east Eurasian genetic influences, which they shared with the Mesolithic inhabitants of the Baltic region of northern Europe. While evidence of anthropological commonalities between Trypillian groups and the Neolithic NPR is emerging, it is well established between the latter and the north European Neolithic. Taken together, genetic and anthropological evidence reveal a complex demographic picture of the Neolithization process on the territory of Ukraine.

Conference Name

European Association of Archaeologists Annual Meeting (Sept. 10-14)

Conference Location

Istambul, Turkey

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