This study investigates relationships between acceptance of cosmetic surgery and several variables related to the body. A sample of 359 college students completed the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale, as well as measures of state self-esteem, body shame, body surveillance, appearance control beliefs, and public selfconsciousness. It was predicted that acceptance of cosmetic surgery would be positively related to public selfconsciousness, body shame, and body surveillance. It was also predicted that acceptance of cosmetic surgery would be negatively related to appearance self-esteem and appearance control beliefs. For the most part, findings were consistent with the hypotheses; however, patterns of relationships among the variables were not identical for women and men. Results are discussed in terms of differences in the way women and men experience their bodies.