Date of Award

2014

Degree Type

Project

Degree Name

Occupational Therapy (M.S.)

Department

Occupational Therapy

First Advisor

Cynthia A. Grapczynski

Abstract

Objective: The present systematic review attempts to investigate the efficacy of both life review and reminiscence therapy interventions in the treatment of depressive symptoms in older adults. This review also attempts to clearly define each intervention; thereby determining which type of therapy was actually performed in previous research studies.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using three databases: CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycINFO. Six studies met the inclusion criteria and pertinent variables were extracted for data analysis.

Results: In all six articles, the reminiscence therapy or life review intervention was found to be effective in the treatment of depressive symptoms in older adults. Of the two studies that collected follow-up data, effects of the interventions were maintained at three months. Two out of the three studies that utilized a life review intervention were conducted on an individual basis, while all three studies that utilized a reminiscence therapy intervention were conducted in a group setting.

Conclusion: Life review and reminiscence therapy were both found to be effective interventions in the treatment of depressive symptoms in older adults. These interventions are appropriate for use in occupational therapy practice, as occupational therapists are well-equipped to treat the psychosocial needs of individuals.

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