The Catholic Church represents one of the longest-lasting, most expansive organizations in history. Examining five organizational theories, this paper explores how organizational elements have enabled the Church to endure and adapt over time, culture and external pressures. The Church’s system of promoting leadership internally, granting external legitimacy, and maintaining tension with society are central to their adaptability and longevity as an organization. As an example of organizational endurance and adaptability, the Catholic Church serves as a model for secular organizations interested in membership retention, change management and international expansion.
"Built on a Rock: A Study in the Longevity and Adaptability of Organizational Structure within the Catholic Church,"
1, Article 5.
Available at: http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/spnhareview/vol12/iss1/5