polycystic ovarian syndrome, hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia


Medicine and Health Sciences | Obstetrics and Gynecology


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder prevalent in 6-10% of reproductive age women. The purpose of this review paper is to describe both genetic and environmental causes and symptoms of PCOS. Additionally, to summarize the complications women face with a PCOS diagnosis and present treatment and management options. The information forming this paper was compiled from various online heath journals. The results show that both clinical and biochemical examinations are used for the diagnosis of PCOS while the exact cause is unknown. Genetics and environmental factors, specifically the intrauterine environment, are discussed as causes. Management and treatment options for PCOS include prescriptions such as oral contraceptives, Clomid and Metformin and diet changes such as a low glycemic index diet.