A strong set of values dictate societal expectations and popular discourse. Though these values seem to overshadow any notions that do not agree with them, outliers still remain. It is from the disparate perspectives that the most can be learned, and one film in particular provides a very valuable lesson. Primarily in content but also in form, Alejandro G. Iñárritu’s Birdman subtly challenges the dominant value of materialism by means of its main character Riggan’s desperate search for material success, through which he begins to realize the futility of his efforts.



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