Date of Award


Degree Name

Education (M.Ed.)


College of Education

Academic Year



Research shows that urban adolescent girls of color lack safe spaces to explore issues of identity and improve self-esteem. Counseling interventions that encourage ethnic identity exploration have been shown to increase self-esteem, and a deeper understanding of one’s ethnic identity has been shown to serve as a protective factor against microaggressions and other forms of discrimination. School counselors should foster identity development as a component of the comprehensive school counseling program. Book clubs are an effective means to foster identity and selfesteem development in urban adolescent girls. This project is a guide to be used by urban high school counselors to facilitate small group books clubs for adolescent girls of color. It fills a need by being a ready-to-use plan that counselors, already burdened with high student-to-counselor ratios, can utilize in their schools with little planning on their parts, and it helps urban adolescent girls of color build protective factors against the stressors in their lives.

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