Disaster Recovery in Black and White
School of Public, NonProfit & Health Administration
College of Community and Public Service
To date, much of the scholarship on Hurricane Katrina has focused on failures of emergency disaster planning, namely FEMA's lack of response (Eikenberry, Arroyave, and Cooper 2007; Gerber 2007; Petak 1985; Schneider 2005), the race and class divide after the storm (Elliott and Pais 2006; Lavelle and Feagin 2006; Stivers 2007; Tynes et al. 2006), and the difficulties that local and state governments face when attempting to rebuild after a natural disaster (Eckdish-Knack 2006; Lewis 2005; Liu 2006a; Olshansky 2006). This paper looks specifically at the effect economic recovery post-disaster and compares two cities affected by the storm that have different patterns of racial diversity, New Orleans and Gulfport, Mississippi, to uncover systematic variation in the way both cities recovered after the hurricane season of 2005 even in the face of targeted federal and state involvement. This paper is concerned with the longer run, non-crisis period that follows disaster to speak to how changes in the recovery stage of disaster planning to better prepare for future disasters. In short, the research tests whether racially heterogeneous areas are slower to recover after disaster. The research also explores the relative contributions race and poverty make to differential recovery outcomes
Downey, Davia, "Disaster Recovery in Black and White" (2011). Faculty Scholarly Dissemination Grants. 437.