Faculty Scholarly Dissemination Grants


Management Implications based on Permit Data from Michigan


Biology Department


College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Date Range



Life Sciences


In 1992, a 26 mile section of Michigans Pine River designated as a National Scenic River. There are eight main access points to this fast-flowing river. Prior to this research project the permit data wasn't being compiled which makes data-driven management nearly impossible. This research project looked at use patterns based on permits from commercial liveries as well as individual permits issued by the USFS (permits are only required during the peak summer season). An analysis of use data for over a decade shows a variety of trends which have significant management implications. For example, cheaper kayaks have made it easier for people to kayak by using their own equipment instead of using a commercial livery. This raises issues about the current allocation of more permits for commercial companies instead of private individuals.

Conference Name

Managing Rivers in Changing Climes

Conference Location

Denver, CO

This document is currently not available here.