Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Occupational Therapy (M.S.)

Degree Program

Occupational Science and Therapy

First Advisor

Carla Floyd-Slabaugh

Academic Year



Background: This study examined knowledge of school-based occupational therapists (SBOTs) regarding current concussion-related vision impairment practice patterns. There is a lack of literature on how SBOTs treat students who sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), also known as a concussion.

Method: A mixed-methods survey was distributed online to SBOTs to understand what assessments and interventions are used for concussion-related visual impairments, the perceived role of SBOTs, and difficulties faced treating students with mTBIs.

Results: There were 124 potential participants that started the survey, and 35 (28.23%) completed the survey. Assessments and interventions used amongst therapists differed based on years of practice, education on vision and concussion rehabilitation, and resources available. Roles included addressing functional performance, providing adaptations, and educating the students' support system. Difficulties included lack of education and resources. Inconsistent practice patterns were identified based on the data collected.

Conclusion: Further education for vision and concussion rehabilitation are needed through training and certifications, working with other vision related healthcare professionals, lack of referrals and access to helpful resources to assess and treat students. Additional research is necessary for occupational therapists to understand concussion-related vision impairments and how their role is impactful for those recovering from an mTBI.