PAPVR, cardiovascular, embryology, case study, Amy Grant
Dr. Tim Strickler
This exploratory gives insight into Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (PAPVR). The paper goes into depth explaining more detail about the congenital heart defect, the embryology surrounding it, and how much is still left to be discovered. With PAPVR's rarity (0.4-0.7% of the population), not much is known. Hypocritically, since PAPVR often goes undetected, our numbers for cases are estimated to be an underestimated value. The paper also goes into a specific case study regarding the celebrity Amy Grant and her experience with PAPVR and how it has affected her life and career.
Pitingaro, Gabriella, "An Exploratory on Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (PAPVR)" (2020). Honors Projects. 802.