Hospital, Falls, Fall Prevention, Intervention, Integrative Review


Medicine and Health Sciences


Purpose: This article summarize research and draws overall conclusions from the body of literature on fall prevention interventions to provide nurse administrators with a basis for developing evidence-based fall prevention programs in the hospital setting.

Method: Data were obtained from published studies. Thirteen articles were retrieved that focused on fall interventions in the hospital setting. An analysis was performed based on levels of evidence using an integrative review process.

Results: Multifactoral fall prevention intervention programs that included fall risk assessments, door/bed/patient fall risk alerts, environmental and equipment modifications, staff and patient safety education, medication management targeted to specific types, and additional assistance with transfer and toileting demonstrated reduction in both falls and fall injuries in hospitalized patients.

Conclusion: Hospitals need to reduce falls by using multifactoral fall prevention programs using evidence-based interventions to reduce falls and injuries.


Original Citation:

Spoelstra, S. L., Given, B. A., & Given, C. W. (2012). Fall Prevention in Hospitals: An Integrative Review. Clinical Nursing Research, 21(1), 92–112.