Women as mangers, Stereotypical perceptions, U.S. and emerging markets (China and Chile), Cross-cultural comparison
Business Administration, Management, and Operations
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine if stereotypical perceptions of women as managers existed among men and women in three cultural settings: the U.S., China and Chile. Based on the extant literature, hypotheses were developed and tested.
Design/Methodology Approach : Participants in our study were students enrolled in degree programs. The data was collected from the U.S., China and Chile. Using the women as mangers scale (WAMS), the study explores attitudinal dimensions. Further, gender and country effects were identified at both multivariate and univariate levels.
Findings: The findings show that stereotypical perceptions of women as mangers exist among men and women in three cultural settings (the U.S., China and Chile). For instance, U.S. and Chilean men had more positive perceptions of women as managers than Chinese men. Further, Chinese men and women displayed the lowest perceptions of women as managers.
Originality/Value : The results of this study build upon the extant literature and the WAMS scale offer interesting insights for international mangers on perceptions of women as managers in three distinct cultural settings and socioeconomic developments. Implications for research and practice in cross-cultural and international management shed additional light on this important topic.
Sanchez, C., S. R., J. R., P. L., P. V. (2011). A comparative analysis of the attitudes toward women as managers in Chile, China and the US. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 6(3), 233-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17468801111144067
Sanchez, Carol M.; Scherer, Robert; Javalgi, Rajshekhar G.; Rojas, Lorena Pradenas; Daza, Victor Parada; Hwang, Chi-en; and Yan, Wu, "A Comparative Analysis of the Attitudes Toward Women Managers in China, Chile, and the United States" (2011). Peer Reviewed Articles. 35.