Date of Award


Document Status

Open Access

Degree Type


Degree Name

Occupational Therapy (M.S.)


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor

Ashley McKnight


A survey, distributed to occupational therapy (OT) practitioners, was conducted to investigate how functional electrical stimulation (FES) is currently used during OT intervention sessions on clients with tetraplegia. There were a total of 24 survey respondents, the results demonstrated that both occupations and activities were used in combination with FES interventions. OT practitioners most frequently combined FES with the following occupation-based tasks during intervention sessions: feeding, grooming, playing a board/card game, and handwriting. During activity-based tasks, FES was reported to be most frequently combined with upperbody cycling, picking up foam cubes, and cones. Future research should focus on identifying the effectiveness of combining FES with occupations and activities on clients with tetraplegia.

Literature Review.pdf (176 kB)
Functional Effects of Electrical Stimulation on Individuals with Tetraplegia

Available for download on Saturday, August 03, 2024