The authors compared several Australian subgroups and American college students on their preferences for Australian natural landscapes. Preference correlations across groups were generally high, with the correlations for Australian adults somewhat lower. Factor analysis yielded six perceptual categories: Vegetation, Open Smooth, Open Coarse, Rivers, Agrarian, and Structures. Both the Australian and American samples liked Rivers best and the Open categories least. Only the Australians included willow trees in the Agrarian category. The Australians liked the settings overall better than the Americans. Among the Australians, primary students liked the settings most, secondary students least; aboriginal college students liked the settings better than other college groups, but they disliked the Structures category; and DENR (Department of Environmental and Natural Resources) staff members liked the settings better than other Australian adults but, unlike other adults, did not like willows better than non-willow settings. Cultural and evolutionary reasons for the complex pattern of results were explored.
Herzog, Thomas R.; Herbert, Eugene J.; Kaplan, Rachel; and Crooks, C. L., "Cultural and Developmental Comparisons of Landscape Perceptions and Preferences" (2000). Peer Reviewed Articles. 44.