Date of Award

1993

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Department

College of Nursing

First Advisor

Kay Setter-Kline

Second Advisor

Linda Nicholson

Third Advisor

Donald Bruckman

Abstract

This study was done to determine if summer nurse extern programs increased the nursing performance of student nurses. The conceptual framework for the study was developed from Benner's (1984) "From Novice to Expert". Forty-five students from six hospital based nurse extern programs in Southwestern Michigan participated in the study. A pretest-posttest design was used. Schwirian's (1978) Six Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance was used to measure six nursing performance sub scales: leadership, critical care, professional development, teaching/collaboration, planning/evaluation, and interpersonal relations/communication. Frequency and quality scores were obtained for each behavior. It was hypothesized that an increase in both frequency and quality scores would be attained in the sub scales as well as in total mean scores upon completion of the summer extern experience. Probability was set at p {dollar}<{dollar}.01. The paired t-test was used to measure statistical significance of the mean scores between pretest and posttest. Statistical significance was obtained in total mean scores in both frequency and quality. Statistical significance was obtained in both frequency and quality scores in the critical care sub scale. Statistical significance was obtained in quality scores in all the remaining sub scales. Results support increased skill acquisition and confidence levels as a result of the summer extern experience.

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