Date of Award

1995

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Physical Therapy (M.S.)

Department

Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Barb Baker

Second Advisor

Brian Curry

Third Advisor

Karen Ozga

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects many individuals in the general population. Spinal cord injury (SCI) may exacerbate depressive symptoms as individuals must adapt to an altered lifestyle as a result of the injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation Leg Cycle Ergometry (FES-LCE) on the subjective reports of the incidence and severity of symptoms of depression in individuals with SCI. Survey packets, including a demographic data sheet and the Inventory to Diagnose Depression (IDD), were mailed to 215 individuals participating in FES-LCE programs and 215 persons with SCI not involved in FES-LCE. One hundred forty-one returned questionnaires were analyzed. Seven percent of those individuals not participating in FES-LCE were diagnosed with MDD and 13% were classified in the Mild-Severe depressive symptom category by the IDD. Conversely, no subjects who participated in a FES-LCE program were diagnosed as having MDD or were grouped in the Mild-Severe depressive symptom category by the IDD. The results of this study indicate that more people with SCI could be benefiting from FES-LCE.

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