Graduate Degree Type
Physical Therapy (M.S.)
It is estimated that up to 10% of the American public has some form of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD), of whom perhaps 5% may seek or need treatment. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that chewing gum for 5 minutes on the involved side at levels less than maximal contraction will decrease resting muscle tone in the masseter muscle as demonstrated through surface electromyography.; This study examined 40 normal subjects as well as 6 people diagnosed with TMD. The results showed that there was a significant decrease in masseter output after the intervention as measured by EMG in the normals. There was not enough data in the TMD population from which to make conclusions.
Maday, Marc F.; Rentfrow, Ben; and Tear, Nathan T., "Use of Gum Chewing and Electromyography in the Conservative Treatment of Unilateral Masseter Muscle Hyperactivity" (1996). Masters Theses. 300.