Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Physical Therapy (M.S.)

Degree Program

Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Ellen M. Ballard

Academic Year



The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible differences in maximal forward reaching distance in children with unilateral upper extremity amputations while wearing and not wearing a prosthesis using the Functional Reach (FR) test. Trends were noted between FR scores of these children and children without disabilities.

Four children, ages 5-8, completed the FR test using the intact arm under two conditions, “prosthesis-off” and “prosthesis-on”. A paired, two-tailed t test (a = .05) was used to determine the statistical significance of the means of differences in FR scores between the two conditions.

No statistically significant difference was found in the FR test scores between the two conditions noted above. Two trends were observed: 1) 3 of 4 subjects reached farther in the “prosthesis-off' condition and 2) 3 of 4 subjects attained a FR score within the 95% CI range described by other researchers for children without disabilities.


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