Date of Award
Physical Therapy (M.S.)
Recent evidence supports the use of T’ai chi to decrease fall risk and improve self-efficacy (Wolf et al., 1996). The purpose of this study was to compare T’ai chi to a “Sit and Be Fit” intervention in a sample of the community-dwelling elderly. Classes met twice weekly for six weeks. Authors investigated the effects of each intervention on perceived and actual balance using timed one-legged stance, Tinetti Balance Subscale and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale. Pre- and post-testing were performed within one week of intervention. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine statistical differences between the two groups. The Wilcoxon signed-ranks test was utilized to test the hypothesis that the T’ai chi group would demonstrate an increase in actual and perceived balance performance. Although individual improvements in balance were noted for the T’ai chi group, results were not significant. T’ai chi shows promise in balance training for the community-dwelling elderly.
Bonner, Janine; Laudenslager, Jennifer; and Sanders, Todd, "The Efficacy of a Six-Week T'ai Chi Intervention Compared to a "Sit and Be Fit" Class on Actual and Perceived Balance in the Community-Dwelling Elderly" (1998). Masters Theses. 404.