Date of Award

1999

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Department

College of Nursing

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of pulse oximetry measurements as an objective measure of the severity of wheezing in pediatric emergency clients as demonstrated by subsequent admission. An ex-post facto study design with a retrospective chart review was used. Subjects (n=198) ranged in age from one month to 17 years. Consecutive admissions and random sampling of those discharged were used. Hypotheses were: (a) lower initial pulse oximetry measurements would increase the likelihood of admission and (b) younger patients would be admitted with higher pulse oximetry measurements.

Chi-square analysis and one way ANOVA statistical testing demonstrated that lower pulse oximetry readings were found with those admitted. Younger patients were not admitted with higher measurements. Other variables analyzed were sex, distance from the hospital, diagnosis, and health insurance. No statistically significant findings among admissions and discharges and these variables were present except for diagnosis.

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