Date of Award
College of Nursing
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an Osteoporosis Prevention Program on knowledge and self-efficacy for exercise and calcium intake. Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Model was used which describes efficacy expectations and outcome expectations as predictors of behavior.
A quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test was used with 32 women, age 40-62, at an urban outpatient center. The experimental group attended an Osteoporosis Prevention Program.
There were significant post-test differences between groups for osteoporosis knowledge and osteoporosis self-efficacy for calcium intake but not for osteoporosis self-efficacy for exercise. Additionally, paired t-tests found a significant improvement in scores pretest to post-test in the experimental group for all three tests. This demonstrated that the Osteoporosis Prevention Program had a significant effect on osteoporosis knowledge and self-efficacy for calcium intake and exercise.
Based on the assumptions of Bandura's Self-Efficacy Model, this Osteoporosis Prevention Program should positively influence Osteoporosis prevention behaviors.
Hayter, Kathryn, "The Effect of an Osteoporosis Prevention Program on Knowledge and Self-Efficacy" (1999). Masters Theses. 503.