Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Degree Program

College of Nursing


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an Osteoporosis Prevention Program on knowledge and self-efficacy for exercise and calcium intake. Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Model was used which describes efficacy expectations and outcome expectations as predictors of behavior.

A quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test was used with 32 women, age 40-62, at an urban outpatient center. The experimental group attended an Osteoporosis Prevention Program.

There were significant post-test differences between groups for osteoporosis knowledge and osteoporosis self-efficacy for calcium intake but not for osteoporosis self-efficacy for exercise. Additionally, paired t-tests found a significant improvement in scores pretest to post-test in the experimental group for all three tests. This demonstrated that the Osteoporosis Prevention Program had a significant effect on osteoporosis knowledge and self-efficacy for calcium intake and exercise.

Based on the assumptions of Bandura's Self-Efficacy Model, this Osteoporosis Prevention Program should positively influence Osteoporosis prevention behaviors.


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