Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Degree Program

College of Nursing


A descriptive correlational design was utilized to explore the relationship between preoperative self-efficacy and the postoperative outcomes of distance ambulated, brace application, discharge disposition and length of stay in surgical spinal fusion patients. Social cognitive theory and the concept of self-efficacy were used to provide the theoretical framework. A novel self-efficacy questionnaire was developed to measure the independent variable, it was tested for reliability and validity in a 16 patient pilot study. The pilot study was followed by a study of 52 post-operative patients. Preoperative self-efficacy significantly correlated to distance ambulated in the entire sample. Females in this sample demonstrated correlational relationship with two of the outcome variables, distance ambulated, and discharge disposition. Males demonstrated correlation in distance ambulated only.


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