Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Degree Program

College of Nursing


The conceptual framework for this study was Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977), based on Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1986). The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between exercise knowledge and exercise self-efficacy for the prevention of osteoporosis in young adults. Population selection was based on clinical research findings that bone health is affected by habits early in life, such as calcium intake and establishing regular exercise, which affect bone health in later years. The study was a secondary data analysis of 353 females and males 18 to 35 years of age, primarily Caucasian (92.9%). Results from descriptive statistics demonstrated no statistically significant relationship between osteoporosis knowledge and exercise self-efficacy for the prevention of osteoporosis. (i=0.02). Additional findings revealed a generally low level of osteoporosis knowledge, mean OKT score was 10.81 (SD=2.27), and a moderately high level of exercise self-efficacy, mean OSE-Exercise score was 71.43 (SD=20.62).


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