Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Degree Program

College of Nursing


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among selected demographic variables and the barriers to prenatal care perceived by English- Speaking, Hispanic women. The Health Belief Model was used as the theoretical framework to guide the development of this study.

The sample consisted of 20 participants aged 18 years to 38 years of age who had sought prenatal care at a primary care clinic in a midwest community. The participants had visited the provider for prenatal care after the twelfth week of gestation. Data were obtained using two instruments. Melnyk’s Perceived Barriers to Care Seale (1990) measured perceived barriers to care while demographic data were gathered on a survey that was developed by the researcher.

No significant correlations or differences were found between scores on the Perceived Barriers to Care Seale and age, level of education, number of small children living at home, marriage status, or frequency of accompaniment to prenatal care visits. The greatest barriers identified were “fear of finding out if I have serious pregnancy problems” and “The NP/PA/doctor doesn't think my problems are real or important”. These perceived barriers to care should be addressed by providers.


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