Faculty Scholarly Dissemination Grants

Title

Possible impacts of climate change and economic globalization on the grain production trends in Russia and its neighbors

Department

Geography & Planning Department

College

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Abstract

The recent volatility of world agricultural prices indicates that the global food balance and livelihoods are highly vulnerable to the existing economic instability and climate variability and change. Increasing the production of grain is central to meeting food demands of the growing population of the world, both to provide sufficient food grain and to meet the demand for animal feed. Climate and agro-ecological models project that the grain production in Russia and other countries of the former USSR is likely to increase due to a combination of winter temperature increase, extension of the growing season, and elevated levels of carbon dioxide (CO2). Russias wheat production and exports have been growing during the past decade and are projected to equal those of the United States. The future of this regions grain production is likely to have a very significant impact on the global and regional food security over the next decades. This paper analyses the recent land-use changes, climatic trends and variability, and grain production trends in the countries of the former USSR, climate change and agro-ecological scenarios, as well as economic and institutional trends in this region.

Conference Name

3rd International Conference on Food Studies

Conference Location

Austin, Texas

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