About Online Readings in Psychology and Culture

Welcome to a unique open access journal free for readers AND authors! This journal consists of reviews and new perspectives that reflect current trends and discussions in cross-cultural psychology and related fields written by scholarly experts. The peer-reviewed process of submitted articles guarantees and ensures the quality of the contributions.

Potential Audience of ORPC

The journal is oriented to a wide international audience including researchers, educators, students, and any person interested to learn more about psychology and culture.

Goals of ORPC

ORPC aims to publish original reviews and not original empirical articles, and is based on the following assumptions and features:

  • Students, professors, and researchers throughout the world will benefit from free and easily accessible readings dealing with the interaction between psychology and culture.
  • Many psychologists have a strong interest in, as well as much experience in, cross-cultural or cultural psychology. ORPC offers a great opportunity to share their ideas and perspectives as readers and potential authors.
  • The editors aim to make these readings attractive without any financial remuneration involved.
  • Continued success depends on active participation by all those professionals whose contributions are encouraged and will be warmly welcomed by many (see Guidelines for Authors).

A Brief History

Walt Lonner conceptualized the Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (ORPC). With the aid of three colleagues at Western Washington University, it was launched in August, 2002. In 2008, the copyright to the ORPC was transferred to the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP), thereby acquiring the status of an official publication of the Association. In July, 2010 the Publications and Communications Committee of ICCP appointed Wolfgang Friedlmeier, Grand Valley State University, MI, as Editor. Soon thereafter a new editorial board was formed to join in this effort. The members include Michael Bender of Tilburg University in The Netherlands, Chuck Hill of Whittier College in California, and Emiko Kashima of Australia’s LaTrobe University. Walter Lonner continues to be a part of the ORPC project in the role of advisory editor.

Use of ORPC

ORPC may be used:

  • As update material about current trends and discussions in Cross-Cultural Psychology for all interested readers.
  • As supplemental material for courses such as Cross-Cultural Psychology, Cultural Psychology, Human Diversity, or any other course that focuses on the interrelationships between psychology and culture.
  • As introductory readings in one or more courses not explicitly focusing on culture but one in which the instructor wants to infuse the course content with various perspectives concerning culture and human thought and behavior. For instance, courses in introductory psychology, human development, social psychology, or personality would be enhanced by a careful selection of the readings.
  • As the core material of a particular course of study that is being designed at either the undergraduate or graduate level.
  • As source material for projects that may be required as part of one's field of study.

Free Access and Use

The user of this website has full permission to use these readings as long as any effort to do so is consistent with the unselfish spirit of this project. The articles may be duplicated for educational purposes provided that the source is cited. The material is copyrighted and may not be used for commercial purposes without permission of IACCP and the author or authors. No one should gain any financial profit for their involvement.

Commenting Published Articles

We invite you to comment the articles. The commenting feature is a place for lively discussion and feedback to authors. In an effort to increase meaningful conversation, we find it necessary to delete unqualified comments. Here is a list of comments that will be deleted:

  • Comments that do not refer to the content in an obvious way.
  • Self-promotion and any included weblinks unrelated to the content
  • Any ad for a product or service.
  • If the person's name consists of a link to an ad, the IP itself will be blocked.
  • Potentially libelous statements or damaging innuendo.
  • Obscene, explicit, or racist language.
  • Copyrighted materials of any sort without the express permission of the copyright holder.
  • Personal attacks, insults or threats.

Furthermore, you may avoid one-word comments like "thanks" as we would like to know more what you think about the article. If you comment in another language, please try to provide an additional translation into English if possible.

Copyright, Use of the Articles, and Citation

It is important for readers of these readings to know that all of the contributions to this project, present and future, are copyrighted by the author or authors. The present authors have signed an agreement that extends to us a license to use their work in this project; we have merely added each contribution to the collection. This agreement has been endorsed by the IACCP (see IACCP Author Agreement).

Users who cite one or more contributions in their own publications should follow the Citation Format.

Importance of Your Potential Involvement

The strength of the ORPC is entirely dependent upon active contributions by many scholars. We believe that all psychologists interested in the interface between psychology and culture, have many good ideas, perspectives, and experiences that they would like to share with others. Similarly, we believe that there are many individuals who will appreciate generous contributions such as the current contributions in this open access journal and others that will be added in the future. If you are interested in submitting an article to ORPC, please contact the .


The strength and usefulness of this project rests squarely on the shoulders of the many authors who have contributed. We want to acknowledge the importance of all current contributions and thank the authors for enthusiastically joining this effort. It is gratifying that so many people have been willing to devote some of their precious time to this project. We also wish to thank in advance the many scholars who will write an article in the near future. The numerous authors who are involved in this project and we, the editors, hope that the considerable effort that this project has required will be beneficial to all researchers and students of culture throughout the world.


ORPC participates in industry-standard preservation tools. It is preserved in CLOCKSS and Portico, the two leading preservation archives that guarantee persistent access for the long term. Articles also receive Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) from the CrossRef organization to ensure they can always be found.

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