## Open Textbooks

#### Files

Note to Students (41 KB)

Preliminaries (77 KB)

Direct Proofs (102 KB)

Using Logical Equivalencies in Proofs (88 KB)

Using Cases in Proofs (79 KB)

Mathematical Induction (113 KB)

Injective and Surjective Functions (977 KB)

Appendix A: Guidelines for Writing Mathematical Proofs (75 KB)

Appendix B: Answers and Hints for the Practice Problems (173 KB)

Index (35 KB)

#### Description

This little book is not intended to be a textbook for a course dealing with an introduction to constructing and writing mathematical proofs. It is intended to be a reference book for students who need to construct and write proofs in their upper division mathematics courses. So it is assumed that students who use this as a reference have already taken an “introduction to proofs” course.

With the exception of Chapter 1, each chapter in the book has a description of a proof technique along with some justification as to why it is a valid proof method. There are then one or two completed proofs written according to the writing guidelines for mathematical proofs in Appendix A. The intent is to illustrate a well-written proof for that particular proof method. Each chapter then ends with three to five practice problems, most of which deal with mathematical proofs. Completed proofs (or solutions) for the practice problems are contained in Appendix B. So, students can check their work or see other examples of well-written proofs. Chapter 1 contains most of the definitions used in the first six chapters of this book and a short summary of some logic that is pertinent to constructing mathematical proofs.

The proofs in this book primarily use the concepts of even and odd integers, the concept of one integer dividing another, and the concept of congruence in the integers. Most of this book is based on material in chapter 3 of the book Mathematical Reasoning: Writing and Proof, Version 2.1 by Ted Sundstrom, which is a textbook for an “introduction to proofs” course. It is free to download as a pdf file at https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/books/9/.

A printed version of this book is also available on amazon.com for \$22 at http://gvsu.edu/s/16z.

Finally, there is a website for Mathematical Reasoning: Writing and Proof, Version 2.1. Please visit www.tedsundstrom.com and click on the TEXTBOOKS button in the upper right corner. This website contains useful resources for an introduction to mathematical proofs course, and some of these resources could be useful for students in upper division mathematics courses.

1-2020

#### Publisher

Grand Valley State University Libraries

Allendale, MI

#### Keywords

proofs, mathematical proofs

#### Disciplines

Mathematics COinS