Learning Management Systems: An Efficiency Study

Document Type


Lead Author Type

CIS Masters Student


Dr. Yonglei Tao, taoy@gvsu.edu

Embargo Period



Learning management systems (LMS) are a foundational building block for educating today’s learners. Their efficiency on commonly used tasks impacts their effectiveness in the classroom. Unfortunately, little exists comparing the efficiency of common LMSs. The purpose of this project was to compare the efficiency of common LMSs and share the results with educators to help them make informed choices.

The study began with a survey of 101 Michigan educators. Educators reported their overall satisfaction, perception of simplicity and efficiency, and identified the tasks they used most frequently on their LMS. Schoology, Edmodo, Google Classroom, Moodle and Blackboard stood out as the most commonly used systems by survey participants. The evaluator used the Keystroke Level Model (KLM) to estimate the efficiency of the following tasks on each LMS: distributing assignments, organizing materials, communicating with students, and reviewing and grading student submissions.

For each LMS, the KLM study identified a standardized efficiency score for each task and an overall efficiency score. Schoology and Google Classroom stood out as the most efficient LMSs overall, but each system showed specific strengths that educators should consider when choosing an LMS.

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