Supervision, Student affairs, Higher Education


Education | Higher Education

Original Citation

Stock-Ward, S. R., & Javorek, M. E. (2003). Applying Theory to Practice: Supervision in Student Affairs. NASPA Journal, 40(3), 77–92.


Supervision is an essential part of the operation of a division of student affairs. However, staff who supervise often receive no formal training. While supervision is discussed in the literature, there is insufficient direction for supervisor behaviors based on an assessment of supervisee level of development and performance. This article outlines the rationale for a more in depth analysis of four possible supervisee levels with recommendations for appropriate supervisor behavior based on two guidelines: Task and Emotional Proximity.