Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Education (M.Ed.)

Degree Program

College of Education

First Advisor

Elizabeth Stolle

Academic Year



An increasingly diverse student population, including English Language Learners (LL), are continuing to integrate into U.S. schools in recent years. Without the proper training and tools, teachers are struggling to meet the needs of LL in the classroom. This project argues for the inclusion of linguistically and culturally responsive teaching methods and curriculum choices for implementation in a mainstream classroom. The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Literacy Shifts call for LL to meet the same rigorous standards as their Native English-speaking (NES) peers, and so the planning tools and other resources described in this project reflect the CCSS’ focus on complex, nonfiction text, vocabulary instruction, and text-dependent questions. Additionally, this project focuses on the use of culturally-relevant text sets to help ensure that LL are reflected in the curriculum, increasing student engagement. All of the resources included are suited for a high school English classroom that serves LL.