Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Education-School Counseling (M.Ed.)

Degree Program

College of Education

First Advisor

Shawn Bultsma

Academic Year



Research shows that children raised by a single parent often exhibit increased behavioral problems, anxiety, loneliness, stress, and aggressiveness. Divorce, the death of a parent, and parental incarceration are all prominent factors that can lead to children being raised in single parent homes. Small group counseling interventions that focus on these unique situations have been shown to increase self-concept and self-esteem, as well as self-confidence. These interventions have also shown to increase students positive coping skills and decrease feelings of depression and anxiety. This project is a guide to be used by school counselors to build and facilitate counseling small groups, with a focus on divorce, death of a parent, or incarceration. It fills a need by providing school counselors with a customizable template to support this often overlooked, yet quite large, student population. Additionally, it provides school counselors with measurements of evaluation that can be used to demonstrate and share the project’s effectiveness and benefits to students who participate in small group counseling with stakeholders.

Included in

Education Commons