Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Education-School Counseling (M.Ed.)

Degree Program

College of Education

First Advisor

Shawn A Bultsma

Academic Year



Students from lower income brackets have a higher risk of not completing school. School misbehavior, school mobility, grade retention, homework completion, school safety, attendance, academic self-efficacy, academic engagement, and academic expectations were all uniquely related to grade point average and experiencing two of the risk factors was predictive of academic failure. The developed sessions were based on self-determination theory and motivational interviewing skills. The sessions include strategies to help with organization, time-management, and self-advocacy. These sessions are also designed to create a support system with peers and a trusted adult. Over the course of six small groups students will be exposed to multiple skills. Once they learn about these different skills, students will be guided to creating a plan and using skills that help them achieve academic success throughout their school career.