Perceived organizational support (POS), anxiety, depression, work success, overall mental health


Business | Psychology


Benjamin Walsh


This study seeks to explore the relationships between employees’ levels of perceived organizational support (POS) and their levels of anxiety and depression. Eisenberger et al. (1986, p. 500) defines POS as an employee's perception about how much the organization they work for values them and cares about their well-being. It was hypothesized that workers who experience higher POS will report lower anxiety and depression. Survey data were collected from 494 adults who worked an average of 39.9 hours per week (SD = 8.3). Participants completed survey measures of POS, anxiety, and depression, and reported demographics (e.g., job tenure) that were included as controls. Hypotheses were tested using ordinary least squares regression. After control variables were included, POS explained a significant portion of the variability in both anxiety and depression, and POS was associated with anxiety and depression in the hypothesized direction. Understanding the correlates of POS is important for work success, employee well being, and overall mental health.