Keywords

Partido Comunista Brasileiro (PCB), labor unions, rural social movements, Brazil, history, post–World War II, Movimento dos Sem-Terra (MST)

Disciplines

History

Abstract

Drawing on primary and secondary sources, this article discusses the durability of communist ideology in rural Brazil during the second half of the twentieth century. It analyzes the theme in two major periods: the Populist Republic (1945–1964) and the Military Regime (1964–1985). Concluding with a discussion of the first years of the New Republic, it argues that the political mobilization of Brazilian peasants defied the geopolitical logic of the era, which dictated the elimination of communist thought by the conclusion of the cold war.

Comments

Original Citation: Welch, Cliff. "Keeping Communism Down on the Farm: The Brazilian Rural Labor Movement during the Cold War." Latin American Perspectives 33, no. 3 (2006): 28-50.

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