Date of Award


Degree Name

Nursing (D.N.P.)


College of Nursing

First Advisor

Jean Barry

Second Advisor

Marie VanderKooi

Third Advisor

Keverne Lehman


Communication handover is a source of potential error and risk to patient safety. Electronic-based tools may reduce errors and mitigate risks to patient safety. Electronic tools have been successfully implemented using multiple methods of education and training. Electronic tools vary in functionality and integration with the electronic health record (EHR). A large West Michigan Regional Health System (RHS) implemented a new EHR containing an embedded tool for communication handover called Professional Exchange Report (PER). There was inconsistency in the practice of bedside report by nurses. The RHS planned to use a bundled approach of educational interventions to implement the new tool and report structure including communications, video demonstration, in-seat training and at the elbow support during the go-live. This project systematically evaluated the interventions to implement PER using evidence based methodology. Evaluation was based on collection of data and evidence through interviews, pre- and post-implementation surveys, observations of the report process, and review of documents related to planning, implementing and evaluating the program. Organizational leaders engaged in robust planning. Educational interventions were evidence-based. Implementation was carried out effectively. The organization did not have a detailed, specific plan for evaluation of educational interventions or PER outcomes. Change in length of report could not be attributed to the process change, and nurse perceptions of the process and consistency of practice at bedside did not change. Observed opening of the EHR during report increased by 68%. There were statistically significant increases in yes responses to awareness of, understanding why, knowledge of specific, and ability to make practice changes.

Included in

Nursing Commons