Date of Award
College of Nursing
Dr. Sandra Spoelstra
Dr. Marie VanderKooi
Pain is the most common reason people seek healthcare. Initiatives to prevent the undertreatment of pain have resulted in overreliance on opioids to treat pain. Despite significant increases in opioid use, pain is more prevalent than ever. Additionally, devastating consequences from opioid use have resulted, such as dependence, addiction, and increasing opioid-related deaths. Research demonstrates multimodal analgesic therapy is an effective alternative to the overreliance on opioids to treat pain. Multimodal analgesia is the synergistic use of two or more analgesics with different mechanisms of action. Multimodal analgesia produces significantly more effective and efficient pain management than opioid-only therapy. This project will focus on implementing multimodal analgesia pain management practices and determine its effect on opioid use on an Observation unit.
Ellens, Kathryn L., "Effect on Opioid Use following the Implementation of Evidence-Based Pain Management" (2018). Doctoral Projects. 43.