This article examines education reform in Detroit, employing data from over 75 semi-structured elite interviews. The research explores the apparent collapse of a local education reform effort in Detroit despite broad dissatisfaction with the current education system. Both collaborative and competitive approaches to reform are investigated through a regime framework. Reformers who implemented change were removed from office and yet a business school compact, neighborhood-based empowerment schools, and schools of choice remain as a legacy. This indicates that although short-term political support for change in Detroit did collapse, some long-term institutional impact of the reform remains.


Original Citation: Hula, Richard C., Richard W. Jelier, and Mark Schauer. "Making Educational Reform: Hard Times in Detroit 1988-1995." Urban Education 32, no. 2 (1997): 202-232.