Publication Date


First Advisor

Wil Rankinen


As a geographic region and speech community, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula (UP) is well positioned to examine language regard using hand-drawn mental maps to determine how the general population perceives dialect differences inside and outside their community. The present study examines the geographic distribution of perceived Finnish-ness, Yooper-ness, and Canadian-ness categories across the UP. This 92-participant study, stratified by four UP counties, reveals that perceived Finnish-ness and Yooper-ness are focused on the UP’s northwestern regions, while Canadian-ness shows variation loosely focused on the eastern UP.