older adults, social health, social isolation, loneliness, social exclusion, social connectedness, social inclusion

Document Type

Contribution to Book


This chapter examines social health beyond absence of social isolation and loneliness in aging. It employs critical gerontology and social determinants of health in analyzing social exclusion through age segregation and digital exclusion. It draws attention to personal social connectedness and institutional social inclusion among older adults experiencing multiple exclusion.

Original Citation

This chapter is part of an in-progress open textbook, with the working title Anti-Ageism Social Work; Lihua Huang, Sally Pelon, and Scott Berlin, eds.