Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Physical Therapy (M.S.)

Degree Program

Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Barb Baker

Second Advisor

Cathy Harro

Third Advisor

Garry Mattox


The purpose of this study was to investigate the standards of performance on the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form (BOT-S) of healthy males from 25 to 30 years of age. Although the BOT-S was developed and standardized on children, this test is used by physical therapists to assess adult patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). The BOT-S evaluates both gross and fine motor control. Reliability and validity of the BOT-S have been established on children 4.5 to 14.5 years of age. This study estimated standard scores for 25 to 30 year old males on the BOT-S.; This study was descriptive in design. The BOT-S was administered to 35 healthy 25 to 30 year old males. A statistically significant difference to the p {dollar}<{dollar}.001 value was found in the standard scores between 14.5 year old children and the adult male sample. Ceiling effects occurred in test item design and in scoring technique.; A need for adult normative values was established in this study. Such values would increase the clinical usefulness of the BOT-S with adult patients.


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