Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Nursing (M.S.N.)

Degree Program

College of Nursing

First Advisor

Kay Setter Kline

Second Advisor

Linda Goossen

Third Advisor

Agnes S. Britton


The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of role strain versus that of hardiness in predicting academic achievement in first semester female ADN students. A convenience sample of 61 students from Lake Michigan College in Benton Harbor, Michigan, participated in the study.; The Lengacher Role Strain Inventory and the Cognitive Hardiness Scale were used to assess role strain and hardiness. Academic achievement was determined by the grade received in the nursing fundamentals course.; Correlation coefficients were used to determine correlation among the variables. Multiple regression analysis was used to explain the variance. Neither role strain nor cognitive hardiness had any significant predictive value on academic achievement. There was a moderate negative correlation (r = {dollar}-{dollar}.33, p =.005) between role strain and cognitive hardiness.


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