Date of Award

2000

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Physical Therapy (M.S.)

Department

Physical Therapy

Abstract

Evidence supporting the use of one optimal treatment approach for low back pain is lacking in the research. Two models exist to aid in the formation of a diagnosis, the pathology-based model and the classification system. The pathology-based models use perceived pathology to arrive at a diagnosis, whereas, a classification system uses categories, criteria, and objective findings in order to place patients into a select group. The purpose of this research was to define a new examination and treatment approach called Biomechanical Correction Technique™ (BCT™) and report the treatment outcomes for a sample of low back pain patients with a flexion mechanism of injury. The subject sample contained 30 subjects that met the inclusion criteria for the study. The data collected from patient records included; subject characteristics, pain reports, number of treatment visits, and range of motion measurements of trunk flexion, extension, side bending, and straight leg raise. The average number of treatments using BCT™ (approximately 9) and patients reported an average decrease in pain of 4/10 Trunk flexion, extension, and right and left side bending increased by an average of approximately 23, 19, 12, and 15 degrees, respectively. Straight leg raise measurements increased an average of approximately 15 degrees for both the right and left hips. Analysis of the collected data suggested that BCT™ can result in increases in trunk and hip range of motion measures and decreases in patient reported pain complaints. Results from the data also suggested that age and sex do not affect a positive outcome from treatment. This retrospective study suggests that BCT™ can be an effective treatment for non-scoliosis low back pain caused from a flexion mechanism of injury.

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