Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Health Sciences (M.H.S.)

Degree Program

Health Professions


This review was initiated to identify the best available evidence on the acute effects of therapeutic activities on heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). The inclusion criteria consisted of studies relevant to the topic that investigated adult subjects. The search covered three major databases using key words related to the topic. Due to the nature of the identified investigations, data were summarized using narrative rather than statistical methodology. A total of 3,447 reports of which 43 met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. There is evidence to suggest that certain therapeutic activities may induce a significant acute increase of HR and BP in adult healthy subjects. Further research is needed to standardize HR and BP measurements and provide a better comparison among the different activities.


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