Date of Award

8-2016

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Engineering (M.S.E.)

Department

School of Engineering

First Advisor

Brent Nowak

Second Advisor

Jeffrey Ward

Third Advisor

Princewill Anyalebechi

Abstract

Implant devices are widely used in health care applications such as life support systems, patient rehabilitation devices and patient monitoring devices. Medical implants have enabled physicians to obtain relevant real time information regarding an organ, or a site of interest with in the body and suggest treatment accordingly. In some cases, the position of the implant within the body or threats of infections prevents wired communication techniques to extract information from the implant. Wireless communication is the alternative in such cases. Distraction osteogenesis is one such application where wireless communication can be established with callus growth monitoring sensors to obtain bone growth data and activate distraction device.

As a solution for wireless communication, the computational design, fabrication and testing of a spiral antenna that can operate in the 401-406 MHz Medical Implant Communication Services (MICS) band is detailed. The proposed system uses ZL70103 MICS band transceiver from Microsemi Corporation and enables wireless communication with the implant. Antenna is tested in an in-vivo system that makes use of biomimetic material and pig femur bone to mimic an application environment.

Power requirements for the implant actuator system that performs distraction cannot be satisfied by a single battery. Percutaneous wires for powering the implant poses threats of infection and frequent surgeries for battery replacement alters patient’s immune systems. Wireless charging is viable solution in this case. A short range inductive power transfer system prototype is designed and tested on a custom testbed to analyze the power transfer efficiency with change in distance.

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