Date Approved


Graduate Degree Type


Degree Name

Engineering (M.S.E.)

Degree Program

School of Engineering

First Advisor

Nicholas Baine

Second Advisor

Heidi Jiao

Third Advisor

Jeffrey Ward

Academic Year



The cost of electricity for consumers depends on the cost of generation, transmission, and distribution of power. The electrical load consumed by consumers per day is not constant throughout the day. The utilities must be capable of meeting the load demand, which means they must have enough electricity generation potential and necessary infrastructure. This cost is significant. However, the revenue they generate will only be for the actual use of electricity by the consumers. In general, the electrical power generation is done in stages, always generating a base load. As demand changes throughout the day, additional stages of power generation are brought online to meet the changes in demand. This approach of management is known as supply-side management.

Theoretically, if it is possible to manage the load such that there is lower peak demand and the difference between peak load and base load were minimized, the generation capability and grid infrastructure required to provide reliable power would be reduced resulting in lower costs for utility companies and ultimately consumers. This management strategy is referred to as demand-side management or demand response.

In this research, a small-scale smart grid is modeled in Simulink to mimic the electrical grid. A Smart controller based on fuzzy logic is developed to control charging and discharging of an electric vehicle battery to provide extra power during peak times and to act as load (storing energy) during off-peak time to provide a more manageable and balanced load as seen by the grid. A comparative study is presented of electricity consumption throughout the day with or without the smart controller. The results show the significant reduction in peak demand, much smoother load curve for the grid, and a decrease in per kilowatt cost of electricity for the given day when newer pricing structures are applied.

Included in

Engineering Commons