Trauma, Therapy, Cross-cultural


Counseling Psychology | Multicultural Psychology | Psychology


Mary Bower Russa


This project addresses the relevance of cross cultural competence for work in trauma therapy. I begin with a review of the literature on approaches to trauma therapy, identifying similarities and differences in key approaches, and comparing outcomes where that information is available. I then review a variety of cross cultural variations in mental health conditions and symptoms, attempting to roughly position each within the ethnic group or groups in which the variation is mostly likely to be found. Finally, I review the very small existing literature examining the impact of culturally sensitive approaches to trauma therapy in several non-Western ethnic groups. I conclude by highlighting the relevance of cross cultural competence for meeting the needs of patients with trauma from cultures around the globe, who must be considered in the context of their own cultural values, beliefs, and expectations in order to yield the greatest therapeutic effects.