HIV/AIDS, epidemic, HIV in Africa, HIV vaccine




Doug Graham


HIV and AIDS has affected the world for over four decades. In the past, a positive HIV diagnosis could very well be a death sentence, as well as signal that an individual was a social outcast. In the past ten years, however, treatments for HIV/AIDS allow a person to live a long and relatively healthy life. In addition to examining current and future trends in HIV treatment, this paper will also discuss how the virus affects different regions of the world. Particularly in certain parts of Africa, HIV/AIDS remains deadly for many who don’t have proper access to health care and treatment. The Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) began a plan in 2019 to end the HIV epidemic by 2030. Although this plan has proven to be overoptimistic about the state of HIV in the world, trials for a vaccine for HIV are ongoing and will hopefully show efficacy soon. In addition, researchers from different facets of science have begun combining forces in an effort to tackle the virus from new angles. With these efforts in mind, there can still be hope for the future of HIV/AIDS.

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